Since back pain is really thought of as symptom and not a condition itself by medical experts, please see your doctor to obtain an accurate diagnosis. In fact, back pain can be an indicator of a serious illnesses including kidney diseases or even tumors.
I am going to cover the most common causes of back pain with an emphasis on the lower or lumbar region. Unfortunately, I do have to point out that the main cause of back pain is us. We can hurt ourselves just by the way we bend, reach, lift or otherwise move. The good news is that these “injuries” or future occurrences, at least (since you’re here reading this), are preventable and have many viable treatment options.
A strain in the lumbar region occurs as a result improper movement (our fault), overuse (also, our fault) and/or trauma. This can happen simply by picking up a rubber band off the floor, overdoing it at the gym, lifting something way too heavy and a million other ways. The severity can range from mild to severe and is considered in duration as either acute (lasting days to weeks) or chronic (lasting more than three months). The actual injury occurs in the muscles, ligaments and/or tendons surrounding the lower back.
Pressure on the spinal cord is most commonly caused by herniated (ruptured) or bulging discs. Sciatica often is present as well since the pressure on the nerves is what causes the sharp shooting pain that travels through the buttocks and down the leg. Conditions involving narrowing, compression, “slipped” discs or any other abnormality that limits space in the spine can also irritate the nerves.
Bone and Joint Conditions
Besides actually breaking your back (fractures), arthritis, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis and spinal curvature can be the sore source of back pain for many. Arthritis is an inflammation in the joints and osteoarthritis is degenerative arthritis. Osteoporosis is when bones become brittle and porous which can lead to compression fractures. Unusual curvatures in the spine, such as scoliosis, often lead to back pain as well.
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